Adverse Childhood Experiences, Resilience and Mindfulness-Based Approaches

Common Denominator Issues for Children with Emotional, Mental, or Behavioral Problems
Published:January 11, 2016DOI:


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      PDF Download and 24 Hours Online Access
      Subscribers receive full online access to your subscription and archive of back issues up to and including 2002.
      Content published before 2002 is available via pay-per-view purchase only.


      Subscribe to Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Bethell C.D.
        • Newacheck P.
        • Hawes E.
        • et al.
        Adverse childhood experiences: assessing the impact on health and school. Engagement and the mitigating role of resilience.
        Health Aff. 2014; 33: 2106-2115
      1. Injury Prevention & Control: Division of Violence Prevention. Adverse childhood experiences. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available at: Accessed October 10, 2015.

        • Rahim M.
        Developmental trauma disorder: an attachment-based perspective.
        Clin Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2014; 19: 548-560
        • Schmid M.
        • Petermann F.
        • Fegert J.M.
        Developmental trauma disorder: pros and cons of including formal criteria in the psychiatric diagnostic systems.
        BMC Psychiatry. 2013; 13: 3
        • Garner A.S.
        • Forkey H.
        • Szilagyi M.
        Translating developmental science to address childhood adversity.
        Acad Pediatr. 2015; 15: 493-502
        • McEwen B.S.
        • Gianaros P.J.
        Central role of the brain in stress and adaptation: links to socioeconomic status, health, and disease.
        Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010; 1186 (Blackwell Publishing Inc): 190-222
        • Institute of Medicine and National Research Council
        Preventing mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders among young people: progress and possibilities.
        The National Academies Press, Washington, DC2009
        • Shonkoff J.P.
        • Boyce W.
        • McEwen B.S.
        Neuroscience, molecular biology, and the childhood roots of health disparities: building a new framework for health promotion and disease prevention.
        JAMA. 2009; 301: 2252-2259
        • Van der Kolk B.
        The body keeps the score: brain, mind, and body in the healing of trauma.
        Penguin Books, New York2014
        • Zannas A.S.
        • West A.E.
        Epigenetics and the regulation of stress vulnerability and resilience.
        Neuroscience. 2014; 264: 157-170
        • Hamoudi A.
        • Murray D.W.
        • Sorensen L.
        • et al.
        Self-regulation and toxic stress: a review of ecological, biological, and developmental studies of self-regulation and stress.
        (OPRE Report # 2015-30) Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, US Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC2015
        • Ungar M.
        • Ghazinour M.
        • Richter J.
        Annual research review: what is resilience within the social ecology of human development?.
        J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2013; 54: 348-366
        • Sege R.
        • Linkenbach J.
        Essentials for childhood: promoting healthy outcomes from positive experiences.
        Pediatrics. 2014; 133: e1489-e1491
        • Flynn A.B.
        • Fothergill K.E.
        • Wilcox H.C.
        • et al.
        Primary care interventions to prevent or treat traumatic stress in childhood: a systematic review.
        Acad Pediatr. 2015; 15: 480-492
        • Fraser J.G.
        • Lloyd S.W.
        • Murphy R.A.
        • et al.
        Child exposure to trauma: comparative effectiveness of interventions addressing maltreatment.
        (Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 89. (Prepared by the RTIUNC Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2007-10056-I.) AHRQ Publication No. 13-EHC002-EF) Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville (MD)2013
        • Wissow L.S.
        • Brown J.
        • Fothergill K.E.
        • et al.
        Universal mental health screening in pediatric primary care: a systematic review.
        J Am Acad Child Psychiatry. 2013; 52: 1134-1147.e23
        • Whitaker R.C.
        • Dearth-Wesley T.
        • Gooze R.A.
        • et al.
        Adverse childhood experiences, dispositional mindfulness, and adult health.
        Prev Med. 2014; 67: 147-153
        • Black D.S.
        Mindfulness training for children and adolescents: a state-of-the-science review.
        in: Brown K.W. Creswell J.D. Ryan R.M. Handbook of mindfulness: theory, research, and practice. Guilford Press, New York2015: 283-310
        • Felver J.C.
        • Celis-de Hoyos C.E.
        • Tezanos K.
        • et al.
        A systematic review of mindfulness-based interventions for youth in school settings.
        Mindfulness. 2015; ([Epub ahead of print])
        • Kallapiran K.
        • Koo S.
        • Kirubakaran R.
        • et al.
        Effectiveness of mindfulness in improving mental health symptoms of children and adolescents: a meta-analysis.
        Child Adolesc Ment Health. 2015; 20: 182-194
        • Takimoto-Ohnishi E.
        • Ohnishi J.
        • Murakami K.
        Mind–body medicine: effect of the mind on gene expression.
        Personalized Medicine Universe. 2012; 1: 2-6
        • Harnett P.S.
        • Dawe S.
        Review: The contribution of mindfulness-based therapies for children and families and proposed conceptual integration.
        Child and Adolescent Mental Health. 2012; 17: 195-208
      2. Hempel S, Taylor SL, Marshall NJ, et al. Evidence map of mindfulness. Project #05–226. Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs (US); 2014.

      3. Coeytaux RR, McDuffie J, Goode A, et al. Evidence map of yoga for high-impact conditions affecting veterans. Project #09–010. Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs (US); 2014.

      4. Hempel S, Taylor SL, Solloway M, et al. Evidence map of Tai Chi. Project #05–226. Washington, DC: Department of Veterans Affairs (US); 2014.

      5. Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative, Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health. Learn about the surveys. Available at: Accessed September 17, 2015.

        • Howie L.D.
        • Pastor P.N.
        • Lukacs S.L.
        Use of medication prescribed for emotional or behavioral difficulties among children aged 6–17 years in the United States, 2011–2012.
        (NCHS data brief, no 148) National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville (MD)2014
        • Kerker B.D.
        • Zhang J.
        • Nadeem E.
        • et al.
        Adverse childhood experiences and mental health, chronic medical conditions, and development in young children.
        Acad Pediatr. 2015; 15: 510-517
        • Fuller-Thomson E.
        • Lewis D.A.
        The relationship between early adversities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
        Child Abuse Negl. 2015; 47: 94-101
      6. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Adverse childhood experiences. [Internet]. Rockville (MD): SAMHSA. Available at: Accessed October 31, 2014.

        • Sheldon G.H.
        • Tavenner M.
        • Hyde P.S.
        Letter to state directors [Internet].
        Department of Health and Services, Washington, DC2013 (Available at:) (Accessed October 31, 2014)
        • Kerker B.D.
        • Storfer-Isser A.
        • Szilagyi M.
        • et al.
        Do pediatricians ask about adverse childhood experiences in pediatric primary care?.
        Acad Pediatr. 2015; ([Epub ahead of print])
        • UNICEF Office of Research
        Child well-being in rich countries: a comparative overview, innocenti report card 11.
        UNICEF Office of Research, Florence (Italy)2013 (Available at:) (Accessed October 10, 2015)
        • Office of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
        Skills for social progress: the power of social and emotional skills, OECD skills studies.
        OECD Publishing, Paris (France)2015
        • Schor E.L.
        • Menaghan E.G.
        Family pathways to child health.
        in: Amick III, B.C. Levine S. Tarlov A.R. Society and health. Oxford University Press, New York1995: 18-45
        • McClafferty H.
        Integrative pediatrics: looking forward.
        Children. 2015; 2: 63-65
      7. Bethell CD, Hassink S, Abatemarco D, et al. Leveraging mind-body neuroscience and mindfulness to improve pediatrics. child and adolescent health measurement initiative mindfulness in pediatrics white paper initiative, 2012. Available at: Accessed October 10, 2015.

        • Gloria C.T.
        • Steinhardt M.A.
        Relationships among positive emotions, coping, resilience and mental health.
        Stress Health. 2014; ([Epub ahead of print])